General Disinfectants (Bacteria, Yeasts, and Molds)a

Microbicidal ActivityMode of Action
Alcohols (e.g., isopropyl and ethanol): Broad-spectrum antimicrobial against vegetative bacteria, mycobacteria, viruses and fungiAlcohols owe their antimicrobial activity to their ability to denature cell proteins leading to a disruption of cellular function, and to a minor extent to their ability to cause membrane damage
Alkaline: Bactericidal and virucidalHydrolyzes and removes proteins, nucleic acids, endotoxins, and viruses
Acidic: Broad spectrum of bacteriaAttack lipid-rich cell walls
  • a Information sourced from Reference 19.